According to DANE, in 2005 the ethnically differentiated population constituted approximately 32% of the total population of the Pacific Region. In it, a total of 325 indigenous resguardos and 300 community councils are located, according to the study of the Institute of Intercultural Studies of the Javeriana University of Cali, based on Community Councils registered before the mayors of Valle, Cauca, Chocó and Nariño.
Historically, these communities have been victims of multiple conflicts, ruptures and transformations, related to forced displacement, social exclusion and different forms of violence, in their territories and lifestyles.
In response to this and as a consequence of the 1991 Constitution, indigenous cabildos and Afro-descendant community councils began to be established. These initiatives propose the exercise of authority and territorial administration to consolidate community autonomy from social and territorial control with a rational use of natural resources; strengthening the cultural identity as a people and a life with dignity for all communities and inhabitants.